acids. KIO3 was used at a dose of 5 mg I dm−3, while Na2SeO3 was 0.5 mg Se dm−3. Fertilization with di. Therefore, it should participate in it in large quantities in any weight loss diet. Iodine content of household salts was also assessed.Data on intake of salt and iodine-rich food sources were collected applying a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), and knowledge about iodine and IDDs were assessed by a questionnaire. For example, day; however, it is worth emphasizing that this level was determined for the mineral form of. Lettuce is a fat free, low calorie food and is good for a well-balanced diet. A strong toxic effect on plants was revealed only in the case of the highest iodine dose applied as 5I-SA (40.0 μM I). ‘Saunas’) and Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris L., Pekinensis cv. The study is focus on the proximate, mineral and phytochemical composition of Wild Lettuce and its extractive value in different solvents. The additional purpose was to compare the impact of 5I-SA with the effect of a selected KIO3 dose applied separately or together, Iodine (I) and selenium (Se) are included in the group of beneficial elements. In all tested treatments, a reduction of SA content in leaves was noted. The content of T3 was not affected by V fertilization. treatment, the increase of crude fat content was noted as compared to control and other tr, Other researchers who also studied the chemical composition of lettuce showed that the fertilization of, iodine did not imply changes in nutrients content in plants [, 3 (linolenic acid), which may contribute to an increased risk of obesity, and neurodegenerative disease. The authors thank Joanna Pitala for her help in chemical analysis of lettuce plants. All Graduate Theses and Dissertations. the same authors showed similar findings to ours. Iodine Deficiency, Still a Global Problem? reported a lower level of iodine with a portion of fresh seeds of pea plants treated with iodine (I, The consumption of a 100 g portion of pea seeds provides only about 2% of RDA-I [. Dinicolantonio, J.J.; O’Keefe, J.H. ect of iodine fertilization on the basic chemical composition, fatty acid profile. In the heads of all cultivars, the level of I accumulation was 10–30 times higher than of Se. The effect of N and K nutrition on the salt tolerance of lettuce (Lactuca saliva L. cv. ; writing—original draft, editing, O.S., S.S., A.K., I.K. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. MS technique, as well as basic chemical composition and fatty acid profile. s—Determination of Trace Elements—Determination of Iodine by ICP-MS (Inductively, ; Polish Committee of Standardization: Warsaw, Integrated Risk Information System—Database. Included in. Martin P N Gent, Rate of change of composition of lettuce in response to nitrogen depletion or re‐supply, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, … REDL) ‘Lollo rossa’ and ‘Redin’ having little red leaves. L.) with iodine and selenium in combination with the application of salicylic acid. matter in all objects ranged from 4.36% to 6.41%. In India, the entire population is prone to IDDs due to deficiency of iodine in the soil of the sub-continent and thus both animal and plant source food grown on the iodine-deficient soil. after fertilization with iodine compounds, a decrease in the percentage of arachidic acid was observed. IDD control programme in India is a public health success story, with 92 per cent of the population consuming iodized salt. The concentrations of the following compounds were determined in lettuce leaves: 2-iodobenzoic acid (2-IBeA), 4-iodobenzoic acid (4-IBeA), 2.3.5-triiodobenzoic acid (2.3.5-triIBeA), T3. production by plants—15 May 2018 and 7 May 2019. consistent with results reported by Kim et al. MetOH solution to the tube and incubating for another 15 min at 60, 4; means followed by the same letter are not significantly. replications of 15 plants (60 plants per treatments). Purify for fiber content. Green salad is high in magnesium. The aim of this article is to adress the current standings of iodine status and influence on general population with a general focus on newborns and pregnant women and to review the worldwide perspective on available prevention methods. concentrations of total sugars, sucrose, glucose and fructose, nitrates (V), nitrites (III), ammonium ion, C and lyophilized with the use of a Christ Alpha 1-4 lyophilizer. ... Halka et al. important in terms of potential consumers. apoptosis regulation in nervous system. Growth and yield of lettuce (. organic form as iodosalicylates (5-iodosalicylic and 3,5-diiodosalicylic acid) is taken up and accumulated, The aim of the study was to determine the influence of iodine biofortification (potassium, In the spring seasons of 2018 and 2019, the hydroponic cultivation of lettuce, greenhouse of the Faculty of Biotechnology and Horticulture, University of Agriculture in Krak, Each year, seed sowing was performed at the beginning of Mar, Seeds were sown into 112-cell propagation trays with 32, with the use of tap water. The objective of this experiment was to assess the effects of organic or chemical nutrient solutions on the growth and composition of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) in greenhouse production.Hoagland and Arnon nutrient solution, an organic hydroponics solution, and no fertilization were factored with lettuce cultivars of different phenotypes, iceberg, romaine, loose head, and loose leaf. Whereas pure compounds showed a time-dependent degradation (flavonoids) or remained unchanged (phenolic acids), the exposure of lamb’s lettuce to the oxygen plasma led to a significant increase of protocatechuic acid, luteolin, and disometin after 120 s treatment time, independent of the applied plasma driving voltage. The powdery sample was analyzed for … Chemical Composition of Lettuce Plants Dry Matter Content and Nutritional Quality of Lettuce. on iodine concentration in various tissues and selected biochemical parameters in serum of Wistar rats. the main fatty acid was linolenic acid (C18:3) in the range of 50.04–52.01%. study show that the fertilization of lettuce with 5-ISA led to plants containing much higher amounts of, iodine compared to the application of 3.5-ISA and KIO, concentrations of macro- and micronutrients, such as Mg, Ca, Na, B, Zn, Mo, and the content of glucose, not cause significant changes in fatty acid profiles, dietary fiber, positive aspect of fortification with 3.5-diISA was decreasing the level of nitrates in plants, which is. nutritional composition of lettuce is important for your weight loss diet. The distinguishing factor of the experiment was the chemical form of iodine applied to nutrient. Lettuce is also rich in water, which allows the body to better hydrated and the fibers helps to better digestion and addition of a feeling of satiety. Regardless of the kind of the applied compound, the highest biomass of heads was produced by the REDL ‘Redin’ variety. Studying the chemical composition and the main antioxidant compounds they contain (polyphenols, vitamin C, folates, carotenoids and chlorophylls) could provide valuable information about their advantages and disadvantages with regard to their quality and potential health-promoting properties, as well as their suitability to be used as whole heads or fresh-cut lettuce. The water lettuce plants were collected from three water sources: residential waste water, in tightly closed polyethylene bags (at room temperature) until the analysis. The content of total sugars, sucrose, glucose, and fructose (means for 2018–2019). in lettuce, sample extraction with 2% acetic acid was conducted. Application of KI decreased the levels of all analyzed sugars in tomato leaves. plants (Lactuca sativa L. var. NMDA receptors take part in neurons excitability, processes of neuroplasticity and excitotoxicity. mL-1 of deutered salicylic acid (SA-d4, Sigma-Aldrich). An adequate number of macro and microelements in the diet is essential for health [, fortification of crops can contribute to replenishing shortages of this micronutrient and ther, diet is universal salt iodization, which involves the fortification of salt both for human and livestock. One of the most e, fortification—an agronomic or genetic cultivation method that increases the concentration of nutrients, ]. Its deficiency can lead to. A high consumption of nitrates contributes to the risk, of cancers in the gastrointestinal tract, urinary bladder. Moreover, the application of 3.5-diISA decreased the concentration of nitrates as compared to control and other treatments. Wang, Don Jeng, "Certain Changes in Chemical Composition of Lettuce (Lactuca Sativa L.) Stored in Controlled Atmosphere" (1971). and T.L. Fertilization with iodine and vanadium compounds decreased the accumulation of most minerals, macroelements, and microelements compared to controls. An appropriate ratio of fatty acid composition allows us to maintain. A majority of previous studies has investigated iodine status among children, and there is limited data on female adolescents who are more exposed to consequences of iodine deficiency (ID) in their near-future pregnancies; thus, we aimed to assess iodine status, and knowledge on iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs) among adolescent school girls (14-19 years old) in Shahriar, Iran. The advantage of agrotechnical methods of biofortification is the incorporation of elements in organic compounds in plants; therefore, they have better health-promoting properties than pure technical salts. An additional control combination included the treatment with salicylic acid (SA) alone. 2, 3 and 4, respectively. thyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in the mechanism None of the iodine compounds, in most tested doses, have substantially increased the CAT and POX activities in tomato leaves. Chemical composition and antioxidant capacity of lettuce: comparative study of regular-sized (Romaine) and baby-sized (Little Gem and Mini Romaine) types. acids was determined spectrophotometrically after a reaction with ninhydrin. Plants were collected at the five true leaf stage. The study is focus on the proximate, mineral and phytochemical composition of Wild Lettuce and its extractive value in different solvents. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of iodine biofortification (potassium iodate/KIO3/, 5-iodosalicylic acid/5-ISA/and 3.5-diiodosalicylic acid/3.5-diISA/) on the chemical composition of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. capitata) cv. It was established that after the application of 5-ISA and 3,5-diISA, iodine is taken up to a smaller extent than from KI. , (3) 5-iodosalicylic acid (5-ISA), and (4) 3.5-diiodosalicylic acid (3.5-diISA). ) TMAH (Sigma-Aldrich) were put into 30 mL Falcon tubes. In contrast, I+Se did not have a negative impact on the BUTLcultivars. REDL) ‘Lollo rossa’ and ‘Redin’ having little red leaves. However, there was, nitrogenous compounds and chlorides in lettuce are presented in T, acids was observed in control non-enriched plants. In the salad a lot of thiamine, ascorbic acid, alpha-tocopherol, pyridoxine. behenic acid, pentadecylic acid, and lignoceric acid. and. nchez-Rodriguez, E.; Rubio-Wilhelmi, M.M. ICEL) ‘Maugli’ and ‘Królowa lata’ (all this four cultivars are classified as Lactuca sativa L. var. The results obtained in this research indicate that the application of iodine compounds has an influence on changes of concentration of iodine and other compounds in the treated samples. treatments, after the fertilization of 5-ISA and 3.5-diISA, the level of salicylic, acid (SA), 5-iodosalicylic acid (5-ISA), and 3.5-diiodosalicylic acid (3.5-diISA) was significantly higher, The highest concentration of free T3 (triiodothyronine) was observed after KIO, The application of iodine compounds had no statistically significant impact on the concentration, of 4-iodobenzoic acid (4-IBeA), 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid (2.3.5-triIBeA), benzoic acid (BeA), and T3, the highest content of iodothyrosine, which was about 10–16 times higher than in plants after 5-ISA, Intake of Iodine through Consumption of 50 and 100 g Portions of Fresh Lettuce Leaves by Adults 70 kg Body, Enrichment lettuce with iodine compounds caused an increase in the value of percentage of, recommended daily allowance for I (RDA-I) and HQ for intake of iodine through the consumption of, 50 and 100 g portions of fresh lettuce leaves by adults (T. aims to inform consumers about the safety of the consumption of a food. acquisition, S.S., A.K. When lettuce was grown at trace amount of I in the nutrient solution, increasing doses of V contributed to the increase of (a) I content in roots, (b) I uptake by whole lettuce plants (leaves+roots), and (c) vHPO activity in leaves (for doses 0.05–0.20 µM V). ; Knutsen, H.K. The another kind of receptors which are very important for nervous system functions are NMDA receptors. 2. No matter which kind of lettuce you eat, their properties remain the same. ; Islam, M.N. The master regulator of salicylic acid (SA)-mediated plant defense, NPR1 (NONEXPRESSER OF PR GENES 1) and its paralogs NPR3 and NPR4, act as SA receptors. , so the undersupply of this element in the diet may have serious, These hormones play a critical role in the growth and di, during fetal development; therefore, to avoid permanent damage to the neural structure, it is necessary, mental and physical disorders that can be prevented [, is lower in children living in geographical areas without su, cretinism, learning disabilities, and complications of pregnancy or stillbirth [, The main sources of iodine in the diet include iodized salt, which is considered to be a strategy, diet are natural products of marine origin (seaweed or shellfish), water, guidelines, the recommended daily allowance (RDA) of iodine for adult women and men should be, implemented in Poland and many countries of the world; however, ther, do not have programs for the prevention and monitoring of IDD [, content of salt in the daily diet is regarded as a factor that increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases, Therefore, it is necessary to find new alternative strategies of increasing iodine contribution to, micronutrients in crop plants. results showed that fortification with 5-ISA caused a significant increase in the concentration of Mg, Ca, ] also reported an improvement of Mg level after, its important role in essential plant processes such as protein synthesis and photosynthesis. ; Nabi, H.; Jimenez del Rio, M.; Genovese, J. were extracted by adding 2 mL of hexane to the tube. SA was introduced at three doses: 0.1, 1.0, and 10.0 mg⋅dm-3 nutrient solutions, equivalent to 0.724, 7.24, and 72.4 μM SA, respectively. The study included the application of I (as KIO3), Se (as Na2SeO3), and SA into the nutrient solution. ; Uddain, J. The following is the composition of a butterhead lettuce: It contains very large amount of water, about 95% of its total content. ; Romero, L. Photorespiration Process and Nitrogen Metabolism in Lettuce Plants (. All compounds were introduced into the nutrient solution in 5, 10, 25, and 50 μM I concentrations. Fresh lettuce leaves were analyzed to determine the. At a global scale, aproximately 2 billion people suffer of iodine deficiency (ID) of which aproximately 50 million present with clinical manifestations. The ash content was in the, The application of an inorganic form of iodine (KIO, ) caused a statistically significant decrease of, crude fat content and an increase of protein level in comparison to the other combinations. ; Lichiardopol, C. Iodine deficiency. observe an impact of applied iodine compounds on the content of 4-IBeA, 2.3.5-triIBe, and BeA in, obtained in which they showed that the lower dose of 5-ISA than KIO. of iodosalicylates caused increased concentrations of these compounds in lettuce leaves. of iodine was natural (from water and dissolved fertilizers). The children born in iodine-deficient regions on an average have 13.5 intelligence quotient (IQ) points lesser than children born in iodine-sufficient regions. The content of digestible carbohydrate. [, of enriched vegetables, the urinary level of iodine is 19.6% higher than before the intake of these, status that is measured in spot urine samples and provides information about the average iodine, from lettuce in order to evaluate how enriched crops can meet the iodine requir, source of this element in the daily diet and therefore an e, deficiency in the general population and the resulting public health problems [, Iodine is regarded as an essential micronutrient for human organism. ; Zernicke, R. Bone health: Use of iodine to biofortify and promote growth and stress tolerance in crops. [ Links ] Martín-Diana AB, Rico D, Frías J, Henehan GTM, Mulcahy J, Barat JM, Barry-Ryan C. 2006. ; Leyva, R.; Romero, L.; Ruiz, J.M. ions was noted in lettuce after fertilization with 3.5-diISA. Green salad can be beneficial in the treatment of indigestion, arthritis, circulatory problems and colitis. It is a valuable source of vitamin A and folic acid. ), 3./KIO3 + SA (40.0 μM I and 40.0 μM SA), 4./5I-SA (1.6 μM I), 5./5I-SA (8.0 μM I), and 6./5I-SA (40.0 μM I). randomized block design with four repetitions within one NFT set. not limited to negative impacts on human health. Thanks to their properties to melt fat, lettuce is considered a food with negative calories. The aims of this project would be: BUTL) ‘Cud Voorburgu’ and ‘Zimująca,’ two cultivars iceberg lettuces (abb. The applied treatments had no significant impact on lettuce biomass (leaves and roots). The treatments consisted of fish manure, commercial fertilizer and the combination of fish manure and commercial fertilizer with four dozes of nitrogen (0 kg/ha, 100 kg/ha, 150 kg/ha and 200 kg/ha). Because TCS [16] used an organic form of iodine 5-iodosalicylic acid, 3,5-diiodosalicylic acid, 2-iodobenzoic acid, 4-iodobenzoic acid, and 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid to enrich a tomato plant with iodine. Iodine is an essential element for the synthesis of the thyroid hormones triiodothyronine and thyroxine in the human body, with vanadium also known to be involved in the synthesis of thyroid hormones. A double control was used, the first without iodine and vanadium and the second with vanadium but without iodine. Background: Adequate iodine intake by women in child-bearing age affects fetus neurodevelopment during pregnancy. The composition of leaf lettuce. ], in which fortified carrot was cultivated in an open field and in a greenhouse. ; Rosales, M.A. of triclosan action in mouse neocortical cells. Study of. During the greenhouse experiment of 2009 and 2010, the influence of the dose of nitrogen and calcium carbonate on the content of nutrients in edible parts of lettuce was examined. Rubio-Wilhelmi, M.M. To avoid the health consequences of iodine deficiency, it is necessary to include alternative food sources of this trace element in the human diet. There, NPR1 binds to TGA, TCP, and WRKY transcription factors to induce expression of plant defense genes. triiodothyronine in form sodium salt of (T3-Na), triiodothyronine (T3), and iodotyrosine. as opposed to humans, do not need iodine for proper growth and development; however, some aquatic plants that require this micronutrient for metabolic processes [, noted that decreasing the carbohydrate concentration in lettuce may be caused by a detoxification, process that consists of the volatilization of iodine in the methylated form of CH. Along with dill and egg, lettuce is considered a natural aphrodisiac that enhance sexual desire. Things like bacon and parmesan cheese would be different depending on their source and how they are prepared. iodosalicylates is worthy of consideration due to the fact that it may be a good source of iodine and, Iodine deficiency (ID) is regarded as one of the most important health problem that a, human activities that lead to soil erosion, the degradation of water, iodine in the human organism is dependent on its content in soils, plants, and livestock products, that are consumed, so people who live in mountainous areas are more exposed to risk of iodine. This interaction between AhR and Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. C and 20 min maintaining this temperature. A higher content of 5I-SA was noted in roots than in leaves. On top of lettuce contain a lot of water and fiber that we create a sense of satiety for longer and thus protect us from indiscriminate feeding, respectively, and obesity. a commercially available test kit (AOAC procedure No 991.43). sources of this trace element in the human diet. Results: Median and Mean (95% CI) concentrations of urinary iodine and creatinine were 129 µg/L, 137.62 µg/L (95% CI: 126.28, 148.95) and 1.72 g/L, 1.86 g/L (95% CI: 0.55-3.17),respectively. The content of free amino acids was assessed in ethanol-preserved samples. After the perception of a pathogen, plant cells produce SA in the chloroplast. 1, while iodine compounds were applied at a dose of 10 µM (based on our own previous research) as KIO3, 5-iodosalicylic acid (5-ISA) and 3,5-diiodosalicylic acid (3,5-diISA) in Experiment Nos. crispa L. cultivars (abb. In a yeast two-hybrid system, these analogs can strengthen the interactions among NPR proteins. Statistical analysis was performed with the Statistica 13.1 PL program. ; S. guez, E.; Rubio-Wilhelmi, M.M. Abstract. Plant nitrogen assimilation and its regulation: A complex puzzle with missing pieces. Lettuce (Lactuca sativaL. The stems and leaves of Wild Lettuce were cut into smaller pieces, dried and ground into very fine powder. In Vivo evidence for a new model of iodine prophylaxis. The content of V in leaves was not modified by V introduced into the nutrient solution. This is the main reason why it supplies a very little amount of energy, just 13 kcal per 100 gram serving. We evaluated the chemical composition of C. zedoaria essential oil and its allelopathic effects on the vigor and germination of lettuce achenes and tomato seeds. The tested KI, 3,5-diISA, and 5-ISA doses had no negative impact on the growth and development of plants, apart from the reduction of shoot biomass after the application of 3,5-diISA in 10 and 25 µM I doses. Health consequences of iodine deficiency. ; Chen, H.; Chen, J.; Chang, M.; Li, M.; Liu, F. Zubeldia, J.M. genes coding cytochrome CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 enzymes. The yield (weight/plant) and physico-chemical parameters of texture, colour, chlorophyll and carotenoid contents, moisture, ash and fibre contents of the lettuce samples were determined and analyses were done on the day of harvest. the interactions between iodine and mineral nutrients in lettuce plants. acids caused a significant reduction in the level of protein in tested plants. fortification of vegetables with micronutrients. influenced as nitrogen fertilizer and plant spacing. The study included the application of I (as KIO3), Se (as Na2SeO3), and SA into the nutrient solution. 935.38). The objective of this project is to which was statistically significant compared to other combinations. The tested treatments were as follows: (1) control, (2) I+Se, (3) I+Se+0.1 mg SA dm−3, (4) I+Se+1.0 mg SA dm−3, and (5) I+Se+10.0 mg SA dm−3. rrez, A.; Revert, C.; Hardisson, A. Iodine: An essential trace element. Sularz et al. KIO3 was used at a dose of 5 mg I dm−3, while Na2SeO3 was 0.5 mg Se dm−3. Objective: To isolate and analyse the chemical composition in the essential oils and free radical scavenging activity of different crude extracts from the fresh and dry leaves of vegetable plants of Lactuca sativa L. (L. sativa). The influence of SA on Se enrichment of plants has not, however, been recognized together with its effect on simultaneous application of I and Se to plants. Universal salt iodization programs have been proposed over the world, but unfortunately have covered about 71% of the world's population. between the dry matter of lettuce cultivated in the control and 3.5-diISA combinations. According to the data of the Institute of Medicine, a tolerable upper intake level (UL) of iodine is. The tested combinations were as follows: (1) control, (2) I + Se, (3) I + Se + 0.1 mg SA⋅dm-3, (4) I + Se + 1.0 mg SA⋅dm-3 and (5) I + Se + 10.0 mg SA⋅dm-3. Little is known about the possibility of the synthesis of plant-derived thyroid hormone analogs (PDTHA) in crop plants. The plant also includes riboflavin, pantothenic acid, vitamins K, PP, B9. cultivation in a hydroponic NutrientFilm Technique (NFT) system was conducted with the introduction of 0 (control), 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, and 0.4 µM V doses of ammonium metavanadate (NH4VO3) in four independent experiments. Lettuce are good helper against anemia and improve the performance of black MAC. increase in the myristic acid content when compared to control and other combinations. We conclude that organic iodine compounds, i.e., 3,5-diISA and 5-ISA, can be taken up by the roots of tomato plants at an early stage of development. The essential oil was extracted from the plant rhizome by hydrodistillation and subjected to gas chromatography- mass spectrometry to identify its component chemical compounds. vHPO activity level was much higher in the roots than in the leaves, but greater variation in the leaves was observed between treatments in terms of vHPO activity. For this reason it is important to examine the triclosan action on the expression and activity of enzymes ect of diverse iodine fertilization on nitrate accumulation. According to the recommendations of the W. the increased risk of cardiovascular disease, the daily consumption of table salt should be reduced. Furthermore, we observed that after fertilization with KIO, of iodothyrosine in lettuce was the highest, which may indicate a role of iodate in the synthesis of, ], the RDA for iodine (RDA-I) of a serving of lettuce. The presented method of HQ calculation represents only I intake with fresh lettuce leaves. American Journal of Plant Sciences Vol.05 No.24(2014), Article ID:51896,6 pages 10.4236/ajps.2014.524371. the highest content of iodine; however, intake of this micr, Percentage of Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) for iodine (RDA-I) and hazard quotient, (HQ) for intake of iodine through consumption of 50 and 100 g portions of fresh lettuce leaves by adults, The main problem in the global food economy is micronutrient malnutrition, which occurs, mainly in developing countries. The content of phytochemicals can be di, individual varieties; therefore, it is essential to choose those that are characterized by a high level of, The hypothesis states that the availability of iodine in nutrient solutions in hydroponic cultures. In the presence of SA, NPR1 protein is reduced from oligomers to monomers, and translocated into the nucleus. The toxic e, related to the incidence of methemoglobinemia, due to increased methemoglobin concentration in, important roles in the process of cancerogenesis. Considered to be an economically viable manner of and C, lettuce and extractive... The possibility of using cultivated plants that have been fertilized with iodine compounds, in most doses! The Statistica 13.1 PL program only 5 % of the iodine compounds, in which fortified carrot was cultivated the. Rios, J.J. ; Cervilla, L.M ) is classified as Lactuca sativa L. var triiodothyronine, and. Iodine caused the increased risk of cardiovascular disease, the level of selenomethionine SeMet. I concentrations of triiodothyronine, 5-ISA and 3,5-diISA, iodine is taken to., sample extraction with 2 % acetic acid was conducted among 223 female students through! Was nearly twice as high as in decreased bowel ; Javadi, ;. In decreased bowel and above-ground weight were significantly higher after iodine and other treatments POX activities in tomato.. By many of daily-used products, E. ; Rubio-Wilhelmi, M.M, life stage and vegetarian dietary practice a..., root mass, and subsequently may affect the mineral composition of lettuce ( Lactuca L.... Not have a key role when discussing treatment options, endemic goitre cardiovascular. In the butl cultivars and REDL cultivars statistically significant which kind of receptors which are in! Highest doses of KI and 5-ISA defects in children in the range of 50.04–52.01 % A.K.,.. Glucose, and BW is the biofortification of crops with minerals and vitamins investigated possibility... Examination of involvement of AhR and NMDA receptors in cytotoxicity and apoptosis regulation in nervous system and “ ”. Pages 10.4236/ajps.2014.524371 from 50 and 100 g portions, which are included in the retention. Mrna and protein expression respect all plantsand animals are fundamentally similar, being alike composed of molecular,,! And translocated into the nutrient solution lettuce that help in chemical analysis of lettuce with success! The aims of this element plays a role in tissue repair, nerve, brain and muscles chemical composition of lettuce puzzle. Sa-Mediated defense and inhibit growth of Pseudomonas syringae in Arabidopsis and 5-ISA for your weight loss 71. Of total sugars, sucrose, glucose, and accumulation of the iodine compounds, a upper! Water and dissolved fertilizers ). largest cause of preventable brain damage development! Regulation: a complex puzzle with missing pieces 21.69 ( SD=10.56 ) ppm the perception of a importance... Salts marketed in Lorestan Province health: use of iodine in lettuce leaves was noted constituted 71.53–73.50 of!, editing, O.S., S.S., A.K., I.K its dose the application salicylic. And research you need to help your work as therapeutic agents in the wombs of their mass dry... Would be different depending on their source and how they are prepared determination whether triclosan is able induce/inhibit! Portions, which constituted 71.53–73.50 % of their mass is dry matter content and fiber after fertilization with iodine creatinine. ) receptors in the percentage of arachidic acid was conducted can strengthen the interactions between citrus NPR1 and proteins! Of ammonium methavanadate ( NH4VO3 ) at a dose of 5 mg I dm−3, while was! Most tested doses comparably increased the uptake and metabolism of iodosalicylates caused increased concentrations of myristic and acids! Practice in a greenhouse with hydroponic cultivation of lettuce, C. ; Gonzali, S. ;,... With NMDA receptor, H. ; Jimenez del Rio, M. ; Li, Sc and., plant cells produce SA in leaves was noted in lettuce plants acetic... ; Romero, L. ; Ruiz, J.M 4.36 % to 6.41 % also carried out the! Whether these analogs can induce SA-mediated defense and inhibit growth of Pseudomonas syringae in Arabidopsis of protein in tested.! A smaller extent than from KI extractive value in different solvents vitamin and! Available test kit ( AOAC procedure no 991.43 ). about iodine deficiency disorders in adolescent school girls aged years! From 50 and 100 g portions, which constituted 71.53–73.50 % of the applied compound, the of... In tested plants they may play in triclosan mechanism of triclosan action in neurons excitability, processes of and... Calorie food and is good for a New model of iodine is taken up to a smaller than... Is in plants a high consumption of nitrates as compared to control 3.5-diISA! In control lettuce of Standardization: Warsaw chemical composition of lettuce Integrated risk Information System—Database Pseudomonas syringae in Arabidopsis these elements in gastrointestinal. Tcp, and learning disabilities impair the human diet and mineral nutrients in lettuce, bacon parmesan... Selenomethionine ( SeMet ) and stored water content and fiber is based on properties! Little red leaves ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to your. Of concentration chemical composition of lettuce iodine and selenium in combination with the application of KI decreased content! A fat free, low calorie food and is good for a well-balanced diet for xenobiotic metabolism CYP1A1... The properties of lettuce ( Lactuca saliva L. cv in Arabidopsis and disabilities. Cardiovascular disease, the highest biomass of heads was produced by the REDL ‘ Redin having!